Golf Terms for the Newbie
Posted on Feb 11, 2015 02:40 PM

by filgolfer
Playing Field

Back Nine
Last 9 holes of an 18 hole golf course.

Bunker
Pits of sand located throughout the course. Best avoided at all cost.

Fairway
The area betweet the tee box and the green where the grass is kept short. You would want your tee shot to land at this area

Front Nine
The first 9 holes of an 18 hole golf course

Golf Tee
The stand used to support the golf ball on your first shot. Usually made of wood or plastic.

Green
The area where the flagstick and hole is located that has the shortest turf grass ideally for putting.

Hazard
Any ball that is hit into a hazard is automatically penalized. These are areas where you usually can no longer hit a ball like a lake or a swamp.

Rough
Located at the sides of the fairway. This area has thicker or deeper grass which makes it harder to play from.

Tee-box / Teeing Ground / Tee
This is the area where a golfer begins playing each hole.

 

Golfer Related

Handicap Index
A decimal number given to golfers by a golf handicapping provider that is used to calculate the course handicap or handicap. This number usually indicates the number of strokes a golfer hits over par.

Handicap / Course Handicap
Based on a golfer's handicap index and the golf course, this represents the number of strokes that will be deducted (or added) to the golfer's score

Sandbagger
A derogatory term in golf that applies to golfers who cheat by pretending to be worse golfers than they really are in order to inflate their indexes

Scratch Golfer
A golfer that averages even par or better and has handicap of 0 and below

 

Shots

Putt
Shots taken on a green done with a putter

Stroke
A golf shot.When you swing your club and hit your ball, that is a stroke

Tee Shot
First stroke played on the tee box

 

Scoring Terms

Par
Refers to the expected number of strokes needed by an expert golfer to finish a hole. For example, if hole number 1 in Golf Course A is 3, this means an expert golfer is expected to shoot the golf ball in the hole at three strokess

Ace
Hole in one. It took one stroke for the golfer to shoot his golf ball.

Albatross/double eagle
Three strokes under par on a hole or -3

Eagle
Two strokes under par on a hole or -2

Birdie
One stroke under par on a hole or -1

Bogey
One stroke over par on a hole or +1

Double bogey
Two strokes over par on a hole or +2

Triple bogey
Three strokes over par on a hole  or +3

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